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THIRD PAPER PART I : ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM WRITTEN TEXTS ( 60 points ) Read the article below and then answer questions 1-8 . A SEA OF WASTE In 1997 , Captain Charles Moore was sailing across the Pacific Ocean when he saw a sight that he will never forget . Instead of sailing through a clear blue sea , he found himself navigating through an endless “ soup” of plastic trash . Moore had discovered what is known today as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch – an area estimated to be larger than the State of Texas filled with plastic debris . His discovery triggered a huge response in the media . People from all over the world expressed their dismay and pledged to limit their use of plastic . However , despite the promises and the awareness-raising campaigns that followed , the situation hasn’t improved . “ Actually , it is far worse than before , ” says Dr . Kate Garrett from the Los Angeles Institute of Marine Biology . She is referring to a recent study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation which concluded that a staggering eight million tons of plastics are being dumped into the ocean each year . Moreover , the researchers of this study warn that if we continue to pollute the sea at this rate , there will be more plastic ( by weight ) than fish in the ocean by the year 2050 . These shocking numbers bring us to the heart of the problem : most plastic is not biodegradable . Instead , it is broken down by sunlight into smaller and smaller particles , but it never disappears completely . In fact , a recent study on marine pollution showed that these little plastic pieces , called microplastics , are present in 88 percent of the ocean surfaces . “ These small pieces of plastic affect the food chain , ” explains Dr . Garrett . “ They are swallowed by tiny organisms , which are then eaten by fish and other sea creatures . Eventually , they end up on our dinner plate . ” The repercussions are clear . Seafood is increasingly becoming a threat to our health . In fact , according to a recent study , anyone who eats seafood on a regular basis may consume as much as 11 , 000 plastic particles a year . Moreover , researchers are now warning against the consumption of sea salt as well , because it may contain microplastic fragments . “ We must stop treating the ocean as a trash bin , ” says Dr . Garrett , who is extremely worried about these developments . So what can be done ? Can we clean up all the plastic in the oceans ? Boyan Slat from the Netherlands believes that he has come up with a solution . He has built an enormous floating structure that is designed to collect plastic in the ocean . However ,

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