מתוך:  > Heads Up! > 5 So Deep, So Cold

עמוד:140

C 1 Look at the title and the pictures . What is the article about ? 2 Read the article . Who were Robert Falcon Scott and Roald Amundsen ? The Race to the South Pole In 1911 , a British and a Norwegian team of explorers set out for the South Pole . Each team wanted to be the first to reach the Antarctic . The leader of the British team was Robert Falcon Scott . The leader of the Norwegian team was Roald Amundsen . On December 14 , 1911 , the Norwegian team of 19 reached the South Pole . They arrived 5 a month earlier than the British team . The Norwegian team returned safely home . But tragically , Scott and four other members of his team of 65 men died in March 1912 on their journey home . They slowly starved and froze to death . Throughout the 20 th century , historians and scientists wondered why the Norwegian team succeeded while the British team suffered so much tragedy . In 2005 , two teams 10 of modern-day explorers set out for the South Pole . Their aim was to experience firsthand Scott’s and Amundsen’s historic expedition to the South Pole . The technology we have today did not exist in 1912 , so the modern-day explorers used the same equipment as Amundsen and Scott had – maps , compasses , pens , pencils and paper . They also wore similar clothes made from thick wool and animal skin , unlike 15 the smart fabrics used in making today’s trekking clothes . Moreover , they ate the same food as Scott’s and Amundsen’s men had – biscuits , cocoa , tea , chocolate and dried meat mixed with fat and other spices . However , there was one big difference between the expedition in 2005 and the first expedition to the South Pole . “ The difference , ” said one of the modern day explorers , 20 “ was that we felt much safer . We knew what to expect . We learned from the mistakes made by the earlier explorers . ” Based on the 2005 expedition , people believe there are several reasons the Norwegian expedition succeeded while the British expedition failed . First , Scott and his men used ponies , dogs and motor vehicles on their journey . Amundsen and his men used mainly 25 dogs , which do better in snow and extreme cold . Secondly , Scott’s men weren’t carrying enough food and they didn’t get enough energy from the food they had . Finally , Amundsen’s team set off on the trek a month earlier than Scott’s team . The Norwegian team trekked in better weather conditions . The British team ran into much lower temperatures and unusually bad weather . 30 One hundred years after the first race to the South Pole , people today are still motivated to follow in the footsteps of these two brave explorers . 1 firsthand 2 expedition

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