עמוד:4

FIRST PAPER PART I : ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM WRITTEN TEXTS ( 70 points ) Read the article and answer questions 1-9 . THE OLDEST PILOT Mary Ellis says she’s nothing special , but at the age of 98 , she’s the oldest pilot still flying in the world . Mary’s love of flying began when her father took her to an air show . After that , she took lessons and received her pilot’s license by the time she was sixteen . Until World War II , flying was just a hobby . But in 1941 , the Air Transport Auxiliary * ( ATA ) needed civilian pilots to fly airplanes from the factory to airbases throughout Great Britain . The ATA needed pilots so badly that they even advertised for women . Mary applied for the job and was accepted . At that time , there were 1 , 152 male pilots but only 166 female pilots in the ATA . It was a dangerous job . In those days , the only navigational tools that pilots had were a compass , a map and a watch . The planes didn’t have radios , so there was no way to warn pilots about danger . During the war , 143 pilots in the ATA were killed . Mary’s plane was shot at once and she also survived two crash landings . Today she says , “ Looking back , I suppose I was very lucky . But when you’re in your early twenties , you don’t think of danger . ” The job was also very tiring . After the pilots flew the planes to the airbases , there wasn’t a car waiting to take them back . They often took the night train home and then flew again the next day . Despite the difficulties , Mary loved her job . The pilots were given two days off every fourteen days . But Mary didn’t want time off – she just wanted to fly . After the war , Mary managed to find work as a private pilot . Later she became the director of an airport on the Isle of Wight . Mary still loves to fly , but at 98 she doesn’t fly solo anymore . * Air Transport Auxiliary

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