1 FORM AND USE page 33 2 TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE page 35 3 SPECIAL EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE page 37 4 PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE / PAST SIMPLE page 38 5 WHEN / HOW LONG page 40 CHECK YOURSELF page 43 FROM GRAMMAR TO WRITING page 44 1 FORM AND USE POSITIVE : have / has + V 3 We have seen that film . She has seen that film . NEGATIVE : have / has not + V 3 I have not seen that film . He has not seen that film . QUESTION : Have / Has … + V 3 Have you seen that film ? Has he seen that film ? We use the Present Perfect Simple in the following cases : A He has broken his leg . ( He can’t walk now . ) I have seen that film . ( I can tell you about it . ) for actions which were completed in the past . The exact time of the action is unknown or unimportant . We are interested in the results or effects of that action on us now .  אל הספר
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