עמוד:4

FIRST PAPER PART I : ACCESS TO INFORMATION FROM WRITTEN TEXTS ( 60 points ) Read the article below and then answer questions 1-8 . IT’S ALL IN THE MIND Millions of people around the world suffer from low self-esteem , which often results in serious eating disorders such as anorexia . Why does this happen ? Unfortunately , they are obsessed with their weight or other physical “ flaws” . According to psychologist Caroline Hannes , these people are stuck in a vicious circle . “ The more they focus on their body , the worse they tend to feel about their looks , ” she says . To have a positive body image requires the understanding that people come in many shapes and sizes , and that physical appearance does not reflect personality or value as a person . “ It sounds so incredibly simple and logical , ” says Ms . Hannes . But , unfortunately , it isn’t . A recent survey , conducted by the media company AOL ( America Online ) , shows that 60 percent of American women suffer from issues related to body image . And as the age goes down , the numbers go up . Research findings by the children’s advocacy group Common Sense Media show that a staggering 80 percent of 10-year-old girls have been on a diet at some time and feel anxious about their appearance . But women and girls are not the only ones affected by negative body image . “ Today it is more challenging than ever for men and boys to live up to society’s ideas of the real man , ” explains body-image expert Mike Larsen . As he sees it , our culture is obsessed with the “ macho” stereotype , encouraging men and boys to be toned and muscular . But there is a heavy price to pay , especially since the use of steroids and other image-enhancing drugs is on the rise . “ These guys don’t always realize that steroids may improve their looks in the short run , but over a period of time , they can do a lot of damage to the body , ” he says . Where is this all coming from ? Why are people so obsessed with their looks ? Ms . Hannes has an interesting view on this . She believes that negative body image starts at home and is then reinforced by the media . According to Ms . Hannes , parents who are constantly stressed out over their own appearance negatively affect their children’s body image . “ These children learn very early on in life that there is a standard of ideal beauty and that their sense of self-worth depends on attaining that goal , ” she says . And once these dynamics are set in motion , the media strengthens

ERIC COHEN BOOKS בע"מ


לצפייה מיטבית ורציפה בכותר